THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT. - Cloke, ἱματιον, under garment. The comparison is valid and is so recognized in medicine which often amputates an offending member to save the entire physical body. Light of the world, עולם נר ner olam, was a title applied to the most eminent rabbins. That this is the meaning of these words is evident enough from the following verse. Pray for them which despitefully use you - Επηρεαζοντων from επι against, and Αρης Mars, the heathen god of war. Raca - ריקה from the Hebrew רק rak, to be empty. THAT was an addition to God's word by the scribes and Pharisees. "Bava ben Buta swore by the Temple in the end of the tract Cherithuth, and Rabban Simeon ben Gamaliel in the beginning, כישראל מנהג וזה And so was the custom in Israel. Those who have tried it unanimously affirm that it works. The goal or ideal is necessary that man may continually know that he is unworthy of salvation, that he can never in a million years merit it, and that any real perfection he might eventually attain must be the free gift of Christ. Had he been on a high mountain they could not have heard; and, had he been at a great distance, he would not have sat down. Matthew 19:5 - and said, ‘ For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh '? And all these man-slayers and the like, who are not liable to death by the Sanhedrin, if the king of Israel will slay them by the judgment of the kingdom, and the law of nations, he may, etc.' Chapter 26. God does not say, "If one shall strike thy child, present the child's other cheek!". Hence our Lord here terms peace-makers the children of God: for as he is the Father of peace, those who promote it are reputed his children. This means that if one's conscience is aware of sins committed against a brother, the first duty is to make it right with the brother, a duty more imperative, even, than that of worship, and which takes precedence over it. We have a compound word in English, which once fully expressed the meaning of the original, viz. And when he was set - The usual posture of public teachers among the Jews, and among many other people. Shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain. iv. THE RELATION OF THE DISCIPLES TO THE WORLD (MATT. At the hand of every beast will I require it. He sees all men as children of God, and members of Christ, or at least capable of becoming such. 2nd. Love in this place does not necessarily refer to sentimental and affectionate love such as one has for members of his own family. [9] Doran's Minister's Manual (1947), p. 105. Furthermore, these divinely imposed procedures are applicable to all types of sins and errors brethren may commit. Persecuted persons whose troubles arise from other causes, such as their own misconduct, are not included in this beatitude. THE BEATITUDES ( MATT. Those who are making continual war upon you, and constantly harassing and calumniating you. No Protestant can think, without horror, of the great numbers burnt alive in this country, on such accusations, under the popish reign of her who is emphatically called Bloody Queen Mary. If God had not loved us while we were his enemies, we could never have become his children: and we shall cease to be such, as soon as we cease to imitate him. "Sweet," indeed, "are the uses of adversity." Chapter 21. Now he is necessarily miserable who hates another. The Pharisee might indeed keep the command while at the same time hating his enemy, hoping that a wild beast would slay him, that lightning would strike him, or that a poisonous serpent would bite him! and several ancient versions, the fourth and fifth verses are transposed: see the authorities in the various readings in Professor Griesbach's edition. The artificial and unscriptural distinction as to "public" and "private" sins with an implied waiver of God's commanded procedure if the sins are said to be "public," is a gross and sinful perversion of our Lord's teaching. And thus our Savior equals the sin and penalty in a very just parable. "They swore by the Temple. God has many imitators of his power, independence, justice, etc., but few of his love, condescension, and kindness. And the Word of the Lord endureth for ever. Only Christ could have revealed such an exciting new and effective doctrine as this. what canst thou not influence the hearts of men to perpetrate?". It is not enough to shut the eye, or stop the hand; the one must be plucked out, and the other cut off. Others will never feel their need nor know their poverty until too late. Then come and offer thy gift - Then, when either thy brother is reconciled to thee, or thou hast done all in thy power to effect this reconciliation. The Jews always thought that every outrage should be resented; and thus the spirit of hatred and strife was fostered. In time, the salt next to the ground spoiled because of the dampness. He may have the sparks and glittering particles of true wisdom, but without its unction or comfort. means embracing, though it is a different word. Appetites of the flesh, all of them, can be satisfied only for the moment. At the outset, every candid student of the Holy Scriptures should admit and understand that there is not the slightest possibility of his ever graduating from this school, "Magna cum Laude"! "And now for the penalties denounced upon these offenses, let us look upon them, taking notice of these two traditions of the Jews, which our Savior seems to face, and to contradict. O God, be merciful to thy people! Shall be in danger of hell fire - ενοχος εϚται εις την γεενναν του πυρος, shall be liable to the hell of fire. This beatitude is mentioned in the Old Testament, although not in exactly the same words (Psalms 37:11). THEY ARE THE SALT OF THE EARTH! Whatever mercy a man shows to another, God will take care to show the same to him. THE REVISION OF THE FIFTH COMMANDMENT IN THE DECALOGUE (MATT. Matthew 5 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary brings color to the Biblical story of Jesus Christ's life as recorded by Matthew Christ's disciples must resemble their heavenly Father, Matthew 5:48. Let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay - That is, a positive affirmation, or negation, according to your knowledge of the matter concerning which you are called to testify. The location of this verse in the midst of Jesus' teaching on adultery makes the meaning clear. A participation of all the blessings of the new covenant here, and the blessings of glory above. The following elegant and nervous saying of one of our best poets is worthy of the reader's most serious attention: -, It droppeth as the gentle rain from heaven. This is he that slays himself. But who can obey it? I broke a piece of it, of which that part that was exposed to the rain, sun, and air, though it had the sparks and particles of salt, Yet It Had Perfectly Lost Its Savour: the inner part, which was connected to the rock, retained its savor, as I found by proof." complete, thorough, excellent Wisdom. It is evident he would have his followers to suffer rather the loss of all their property than to have recourse to such modes of redress, at so great a risk. As fornication signifies no more than the unlawful connection of unmarried persons, it cannot be used here with propriety, when speaking of those who are married. It stands upon a very eminent and conspicuous mountain, and is Seen Far and Near. This grand Sanhedrin not only received appeals from the inferior Sanhedrins, or court of twenty-three mentioned above; but could alone take cognizance, in the first instance, of the highest crimes, and alone inflict the punishment of stoning. - By all these things, that I will do this to you.' "Lastly, he that saith to his brother, Thou fool, wicked one, or cast-away, shall be in danger of hell-fire, ενοχος εις γεενναν πυρος . If a man earnestly wish to commit an evil, but cannot, because God puts time, place, and opportunity out of his power, he is fully chargeable with the iniquity of the act, by that God who searches and judges the heart. They quarreled over this trifling strip. This fully explains the meaning of the preceding verse. The Persian messengers had the royal authority for pressing horses, ships, and even men, to assist them in the business on which they were employed. They mourn from those sorrows and bereavements which are the common lot of all men. Parkhurst. Just as all light, energy, and power on earth are derived from the sun, center of our solar system, just so, all moral and spiritual light are derived from the Sun of Righteousness, our Lord Jesus Christ (Malachi 4:2). Demai." Salt keeps food from being insipid and preserves it from corruption. ad. This is therefore one of the most reasonable precepts in the universe. That is what it is really all about, that men should be like the pure and holy God whom they are taught to worship through Christ. See under Matthew 18:8-9. This is he that delivers up his neighbor before a beast to be rent in pieces. We are to surrender ourselves to Christ, that this great purpose of His coming shall claim and possess the whole life. But I am come, πληρωσαι, to complete - to perfect its connection and reference, to accomplish every thing shadowed forth in the Mosaic ritual, to fill up its great design; and to give grace to all my followers, πληρωσαι, to fill up, or complete, every moral duty. Godly sorrow leads to repentance (2 Corinthians 7:10). What Christ did at this point in his teachings is bold, daring, and sensational beyond anything one could imagine today. That this requires exertion, self-denial, and determination of heroic proportions is seen in the implied comparison of plucking out the right eye. So persecuted they the prophets that were before you ... Christ in this place puts the same dignity upon the apostles as pertained to the prophets of the Old Testament, ranking them, in fact, higher, and showing that they also are to be heeded as inspired men. The command is to glorify God through an abundance of good works. Nor should too much be made of the fact that most of the losses in these verses seem rather trivial, a flick on the cheek, the loss of a coat, and going a mile. As a matter of practical, everyday living, the teaching of Christ in this place is indeed light and wisdom. They do suggest, however, that there may be larger areas where the child of God may not use the "submissive response" enjoined in these passages. It is our duty and interest, both to bring our gift, and offer it too; but God will not accept of any act of religious worship from us, while any enmity subsists in our hearts towards any soul of man; or while any subsists in our neighbor's heart towards us, which we have not used the proper means to remove. Our Lord's meaning is, "Do not repel one outrage by another." When the uneasy sensation termed hunger takes place in the stomach, we know we must get food or perish. See all the cases, Code of Gentoo Laws, chap. Luke 23:6-11.At former passovers the governor had courted the favour of the people, by gratifying them with the pardon of any one prisoner whom they pleased. And if ye salute your brethren only - Instead of αδελφους brethren, upwards of one hundred MSS., and several of them of great authority and antiquity, have φιλους friends. What an awful consideration is this! In certain places, where oaths are frequently administered, people have been known to kiss their thumb or pen, instead of the book, thinking thereby to avoid the sin of perjury; but this is a shocking imposition on their own souls. He who showed him mercy; i.e. Christ did not encourage monasticism or asceticism. It was said also, Whosoever shall put away his wife, let him give her a writing of divorcement: but I say unto you that everyone that putteth away his wife, saving for the cause of fornication, maketh her an adulteress: and whosoever shall marry her when she is put away committeth adultery. Eternity is at hand; and if thou die in thy sins, where God is thou shalt never come. Falsehood, evil-speakings, slander, backbiting, gossip, and idle talk of all kinds - these are surely prohibited to the child of God. Our word meek comes from the old Anglo-saxon meca, or meccea, a companion or equal, because he who is of a meek or gentle spirit, is ever ready to associate with the meanest of those who fear God, feeling himself superior to none; and well knowing that he has nothing of spiritual or temporal good but what he has received from the mere bounty of God, having never deserved any favor from his hand. It has. on The penalties arranged in precise order to correspond with the insults mentioned above are not to be understood as graduated penalties or punishments against crimes of more and more serious import; rather, they are to be understood as a three-fold reiteration of one overwhelming truth. See Schoettgen. That God, who makes use of the beggar's hand to ask our charity, is the same from whom we ourselves beg our daily bread: and dare we refuse Him! "The book of Deuteronomy came and prostrated itself before the Lord, and said: 'O Lord of the world, thou hast written in me thy law; but now, a Testament defective in some parts is defective in all. In Christ's teachings, there is often the pattern of proceeding from the general to the specific. See Sir J. Chardin's and Hanway's Travels. Now at that feast, &c.— Pilate had already sent Jesus to Herod, having learned that he belonged to Galilee; and Herod had sent him back to him. Blessed are the poor! 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